Guías de práctica clínica: evolución, metodología de elaboración y definiciones actuales

Carlos Alva Diaz, Jorge A. García-Mostajo, Fradis Gil-Olivares, Raúl Timana, Carlos Canelo-Aybar

Resumen


Las guías de práctica clínica son una de las principales herramientas utilizadas por los sistemas de salud modernos y por los profesionales de la salud que practican una medicina basada en evidencias. Son instrumentos usados en beneficio del paciente y con un impacto positivo para los sistemas de salud. Su desarrollo ha ido evolucionando hasta convertirse en instrumentos confiables y de uso generalizado, siendo varios los conceptos que se han incorporado en la formulación de recomendaciones en salud: eficacia, seguridad, costo-efectividad, equidad y enfoque centralizado en la persona. Además, el desarrollo de metodologías propuestas para su elaboración y evaluación de calidad: AGREE, ADAPTE, GRADE entre otras. En el presente ensayo se hace una revisión de los aspectos relacionados a su evolución, metodología de elaboración y las definiciones actuales para su uso como herramientas en la práctica de la medicina basada en evidencias.

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Referencias


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